What is Dabbing?

Dabs are concentrated doses of cannabis made by extracting THC and other cannabinoids using solvents, resulting in sticky oils. Depending on their extraction method & consistency, concentrates are also commonly referred to as wax, shatter, budder, and live resin. Dabs are typically heated on a hot surface, usually a nail or quartz banger, and then inhaled through a dab rig. 

When done safely with clean, tested products, patients and adult consumers find several advantages to dabbing as a delivery method, primarily in its swift onset and powerful effects. Patients dealing with severe or chronic pain or extreme nausea report that dabbing cannabis concentrates can be one of the best ways to get immediate and effective relief. 

What do I need?

Concentrates are safe, yet potent. To consume a cannabis concentrate safely and effectively, you must have a specific setup with the proper equipment in order to properly activate the cannabinoids and terpenes. A fair amount of thought should be put into the components when building the ideal dab rig. For instance, some users prefer to dab their concentrates on a titanium nail, while others might opt for quartz nails or bangers. While quartz is less durable than titanium, it heats up much faster than titanium and offers a cleaner taste. Depending on the banger nail, most users will heat it up for around 30 seconds or until the banger starts to show an orange or red hot glow. We reccommend waiting an additional 20-30 seconds for the nail to cool back down before taking your dab to avoid burning the concentrate.

(Images top & above Via Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)

What is 710?

710 is the slang term used to describe and celebrate cannabis concentrates, similar to how 420 is used. The anagram was chosen because when you turn the numbers upside down and backwards, it spells ‘OIL’ which is a term often used when referring to cannabis concentrates. Cannabis oil can be consumed using pre-filled cartridges for vape pens or it can be in harder variations, such as wax, shatter, crumble, or live resin/diamonds that are using for dabbing. So, while 420 is used to celebrate all things cannabis and cannabis culture, 710 is geared more towards those consumers who enjoy cannabis concentrates the most in their lifestyle.

Types of Concentrate:

Live Resin:

Live Resin is a cannabis concentrate that gets its name from the freshness of the cannabis plant from which it’s made. Unlike the majority of cannabis products, Live resin extract is made from plant material that hasn’t been dried or cured. When producing live resin, the primary goal is to capture the massive essence and aroma of the live cannabis plant. Products extracted using the live resin process — flash-freezing the cannabis plant material, then extracting it — are associated with high-quality and flavorful concentrates. Bypassing the typical drying and curing processes allows for a greater proportion of essential oils. These essential oils, technically called terpenes, are the compounds responsible for the distinctive flavors and aromas in cannabis, and other characteristics to be expressed in the final product.

Element Divine Banana Live Resin

Cured Resin:

The primary difference between live resin and cured resin extracts is the starting product being wet or dry. For live resin the starting material is chopped straight from the plant and frozen right away to preserve the terpenes within the plant. Then it is extracted and typically has a different texture and a lighter color than cured resin extracts, most are sugary or have crystals soaked in terpenes it can also come in batter buttery texture. For the cured resin extracts the plant it dried and cured fully before extraction and usually come in forms of shatter, butter or sometime a wet sugary consistancy. Both have different taste to them cured concentrates usually taste how the dried plant smells and live resin usually taste more of the fresh plant that’s still growing!

Element Zkittles Cured Resin

Crystalline:

Crystalline is a single, crystallized compound. Just as the name implies, THCa and CBD crystalline are white crystals that can vary in density and size from small rocks to powder. Crystalline is a transparent or semi-transparent cannabis concentrate that may resemble coarse decorative sparkling sugar or kosher salt. Multiple methods can be used to produce crystalline, but they all follow the same basic principles of crystallization. An example of crystallization is making rock candy. Rock candy is a flavored confection that’s produced when sugar (a chemical solid) is slowly added to boiling water (a liquid). The resulting solution cools a bit, then flavor and color is added. A prepared stick is lowered into the solution. Over time, crystals form and grow on the prepared stick, eventually yielding the desired product. Crystallization is a process where a chemical solid is mixed with a liquid to create an initial solution. Any impurities are removed from the initial solution, and the extract is then mixed with another solvent under a different set of conditions to start the formation of pure crystals.

Element Scooby Snacks THCa Crystalline

Shatter:

Shatter is known for its brittle, glass-like texture. It can also have a snap-and-pull consistency. (Imagine taffy candy being pulled really tight before snapping). Shatters usually have a golden yellow to bright amber color throughout. Shatter is one of the most versatile textures. In fact, many other textures, such as budder and crumble, start off as shatter. Shatter is known for its resemblance to brittle glass, which shatters on contact, but can also have a “snap and pull” consistency that gives it elastic-like properties. Shatter should be vaporized using a dab rig, and can be created using a variety of solvent extraction methods, the most popular of which include BHO, PHO, EHO, and CO2.

Dazed Chem Dawg Shatter

Additional Terms:

Distillates are made by exposing a winterized and decarboxylated extract to heat and vacuum, which promotes the separation of cannabinoids based on their different boiling points. Distillates are commonly used in vape cartridges & in infused edibles, particularly gummies.

Sugar is a term used for any concentrate that has a similar consistency to wet, sappy sugar. They’re not uniform in nature and typically have colors ranging from a bright yellow to a deep amber.

Sauce is thicker, more viscous in texture and looks stickier. The color of sauce can range from deep amber to bright mustard. Sauce is similar to sugar in both its consistency and color, but has a more uniform and prominent crystalline structure.

Budder and Badder are oilier and softer in texture. (Think of a stick of butter or cake batter.) They’re malleable, easy to handle and have a sun yellow to bright orange coloring. The butter-like consistency allows the extract to be easily used as a spread on blunts or joints, or to be dabbed using a dab rig. The textures badder and budder are the result of agitating terpene-rich shatter into a more creamy consistency. To achieve this frosting-like texture, technicians whip the shatter under low and even temperatures to introduce and redistribute air molecules. The volume of these air molecules determines the density of the resulting texture.

Crumble is a brittle version of budder or badder. As the name suggests, it has a crumbly-like honeycomb consistency. The color tends to be similar to budder or badder, but instead of having a glossy texture, they tend to have a matted shade of yellow. Crumble is shatter that has been whipped, like badder and budder, and then purged in a vacuum oven at low temperatures to “dry” the concentrate while retaining its cannabinoid and terpene content.